What is a Simba Harrow?
A Simba Harrow is a type of high-quality disc harrow used in agricultural centres around the world. A disc harrow is a complex piece of farming equipment designed to till the soil and prepare it for planting. Harrows have been intrinsic to agriculture for over a hundred years. In fact, the very first harrows were pulled by horses. Today, however, they are pulled by tractors and are lifted using a system of hydrolics. This lifting function prevents the harrow from tearing up the ground more than necessary. The harrow itself consists of a series of concave discs. The discs are arranged in four sections that are tilted towards each other slightly to form the shape of an X. As the device is pulled along the ground, it loosens soil and chops up weeds and debris.
Simba offers two ranges of disc harrows that can be customized to fit a variety of applications and tractors. The first series, called the B Series, features front and rear discs that are of similar size and are similarly spaced at 250mm apart along the blade. B Series blades can be built to either 650mm or 700mm specifications. The B Series can also be ordered in both rigid and hydrolic folding models. The second series is called the C Series. While the front blades are similar to those of the B Series, the rear blades feature both wider discs and wider spacing between the discs. Both models come with manual turnbuckles and rear drawbars and both can be ordered with a number of additional features. Replacing the manual turnbuckles with hydraulic front gang angling, or fitting the drawbars with hydraulic pipework, can simplify the harrowing process and make cultivating go much more smoothly.
What Is a Simba Harrow Used For?
A Simba Harrow has an array of agricultural applications. Most commonly, it is used to cultivate the field prior to crop plantation. The disc harrow is generally used after plowing, when the soil is still clumped and packed down. The blades loosen the soil, chopping up lumps and adding air to the earth. Soil that has been cultivated with a harrow is easier to plant and can improve crop growth and yield. Looser soil allows seedlings to take root more easily, distributes nutrients evenly amongst the plants and can help prevent weather damage.
In some situations, a disc harrow is also used before the land has been plowed. When harvest is over, it can be difficult to remove the old plants, debris and stubble. Tough corn stalks, for example, can easily clog a plow and make the plowing process much more difficult. A Simba Harrow, however, makes short work of tough organic matter such as corn stalks or wood chunks. The disc blades chop even the toughest material into mulch, incorporating it into the soil of the field. By harrowing the field before plowing, it is possible to avoid clogs, stalls and damage to the plow.
What Soil Type Is a Simba Harrow Good For?
Different types of Simba Harrows are built to cultivate different types of soil. If you dealing with the primary incorporation of straw or a secondary cultivation on medium to heavy land, a B Series model is the right tool for the job. The even blades of the B Series easily incorporate straw into the soil. While not suitable for cultivating heavy ground stubble, B Series models can loosen even heavy land with little effort.
If you are dealing with serious ground stubble, however, you may have better luck with a C Series disc harrow. Because the back blades are wider, the C Series does not have to reach the full working depth on the first pass. The front blades loosen the stubble and soil and the back blades reach down and deeply churn the ground. Excess debris is dispelled through the wide gaps between the rear blades, enabling the harrow to work in both damp and trashy conditions. The resulting soil is well pressed and uniform.
History of the Simba Company
Although Simba may not have been making disc harrows in the horse-drawn days, the company has a long and vibrant history. It was started in 1976 by Keith Burton, a farmer who had spent more than two and a half decades farming in Africa. He recognized a need, first in the UK, and later throughout the world, for high-quality farming equipment that could be used with large tractors on large pieces of farmland. When it came time to name his company, he turned to his experience in Africa. Simba means “lion” in Swahili. His first line of equipment drew instant industry recognition and there was no looking back. Throughout the next three and a half decades, Simba thrived when many other agricultural companies faltered. Today, the company is prominent in agricultural communities around the world. Farmers in Australia, New Zealand, Europe, North America and the Middle East all rely on Simba’s expertise to cultivate their fields. The Simba disc harrow has come into its own.
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